Organic Food Dictionary

CAFO
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations. In other words, a "factory farm" where animals are jammed together in unnatural feeding situations.
CDFA
California Department of Food and Agriculture
Drug
Noun.
(1) a substance (other than food) that, when taken into the body, produces a change in it. If the change helps the body, the drug is a medicine; if the change harms the body, the drug is a poison.
[<Middle French drogue, perhaps<Middle Dutch droge dry, or < Middle Low German droge-fate dry barrels, with droge- taken as name of the contents]
~ From the World Book Dictionary 1979 Edition
Food (fūd)
n.
(1) Material, usually of plant or animal origin, that contains or consists of essential body nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals, and is ingested and assimilated by an organism to produce energy, stimulate growth, and maintain life.
(2) A specified kind of nourishment: breakfast food; plant food.
(3) Nourishment eaten in solid form: food and drink.
[Middle English fode, from Old English fōda.]
~ From Answers.com
Food Additive:
any substance, natural or synthetic, that is added to food to preserve, enrich, or color it.
~ From the World Book Dictionary 1979 Edition
Glycemic Index
The glycemic index ranks foods on how they affect our blood sugar levels. ~ from lowcarbing.com
Homogenization?
Homogenization means to make milk uniform by forcing the milk though small holes while under great pressure. This causes the fat or cream in the milk to be broken down into a smaller size. This action makes the milk more uniform or homogenized. The cream no longer rises to the top.
Mineral
Any of a group of inorganic elements that are essential to humans and animals for normal body function. In nutrition, minerals are those elements for which the body's requirement is at least 100 mg per day, and trace minerals are those elements that are needed in smaller amounts. Dietary minerals are derived from the earth's crust. Plants extract the minerals from the soil, and humans and animals, in their turn, consume the plants.
~ From Answers.com.
natural
Natural is a word that implies certain things to consumers, such as the concept of being unaltertered or unalloyed. Unfortunately, beyond this marketing-speak, the word natural does not seem to have a legally-enforceable definition in the United States.
Nourish
(Verb Transitive) (1a) to make grow, or keep alive and well, with food: feed; nurture; (1b) to supply; sustain; support. (2) Figurative; to encourage; support; maintain; foster.
[<Latin nutrire feed]
~ From the World Book Dictionary 1979 Edition
Nourishment
(Noun) (1) food; nutriment; sustenance. (2) the act or process of nourishing. (3) the condition of being nourished.
~ From the World Book Dictionary 1979 Edition
Nutrient
(Adjective) nourishing.
(Noun) a nourishing substance, especially as an element or ingredient of a foodstuff.
[< Latin nutrire nourish]
~ From the World Book Dictionary 1979 Edition
Nutriment
(Noun) (1) that which is required by an organism for life and growth; nourishment; food. (2) Figurative. something that maintains anything, or by which its development is made possible.
~ From the World Book Dictionary 1979 Edition
Nutrition
(noun) (1) the processes by which living things take in food and use it. (2) that which nourishes; nourishment; food. (3) the act of supplying or receiving nourishment. (4) the study that deals with foods and the way the body uses them.
~ From the World Book Dictionary 1979 Edition
Pasteurization
The process of heating milk to 145 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes (or heating milk to 160 degrees for 15 seconds) and then dropping the temperature down to 50 degrees. Beer and wine are heated to 135 degrees for a few minutes and then cooled down to 40 degrees or lower in order to kill harmful bacteria. The process is also used on juices and cheese. In the 1860's, Louis Pasteur, a French scientist, invented the process in an effort to make wine and beer last longer on the shelf.
Vitamin
(Noun) any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism, found in minute amounts in natural foodstuffs or sometimes produced synthetically:  deficiencies of vitamins produce specific disorders.
[1912; earlier vitamine < Latin vit(a) life + AMINE; coined by C. Funk, who thought they were amines]
~ From the Random House Dictionary

 

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